Requirements for a car in winter operation are somewhat different from summer ones.
The car needs to be prepared for work with temperature extremes and poor adhesion to the road surface. Otherwise, you risk stalling or getting into an accident.
The car requires a lot of work:
1. Replace summer tires with winter ones.
2. Check and replace engine oil.
3. Test the brake system.
4. Checking the storage battery.
5. Serviceability of the cooling system.
6. Insulate the car.
7. Protection from salt and sand, which sprinkle roads.
8. Cleaning and checking the glass cleaning system.
9. Processing of locks and seals.
Riding summer tires in winter is an unforgivable stupidity. Winter tires differ in composition, which makes them softer. Summer hardens when the temperature drops, grip decreases, and as a result, the car's handling decreases. With the same success, you can make wheels from plastic, which also will not perform any useful function.
Why are out of season rubber rides dangerous? You are more likely to get into an accident that will harm not only you, but other people as well.
Engine oil change
At low temperatures, the structure of the oil changes, it thickens. Starting a cold engine leads to the fact that the thick oil is not supplied to the parts in the required volume. As a result, engine components wear out and more energy is spent on engine operation.
Чтобы избежать раннего износа и поломки двигателя, меняйте масло каждые 5 тысяч километров. Оно должно иметь вязкость 0W или 5W. В регионах с мягкими зимами, которые не удивят вас 40-градусными морозами, можно использовать масло с вязкостью 10W и более.
Quality is an important characteristic of the oil. Petrol engines use oils not lower than SJ category, and diesel CDs.
Brake system testing
It is very important to make sure that the brakes are working properly. Unexpected brake failure can lead to serious accidents, and differential forces can lead to skidding on slippery roads.
No matter how good a "dad mechanic" you are, entrust the brake testing to a specialist with the necessary equipment.
Battery electrolyte and voltage
In winter, motorists face the problem of fast battery discharge. Often you have to take it off every evening and put it back in the morning. The culprit for poor battery retention are electrolyte and lack of voltage.
Take electrolyte from each can of the battery for testing. It should be transparent, there should be no sediment. It is also necessary to check its density. If the value differs from 1275-1285 kilograms per cubic meter, distilled water must be added.
Then we simply charge the charge carrier using the charger. That's it, the battery is ready for use.
To avoid problems, check the condition of the cooling system, as well as the presence of coolant and its quality. If for some reason in the summer you diluted the liquid with water or antifreeze from other companies, then this cocktail must be drained and the system must be refilled with new antifreeze. Otherwise, your engine will have to be repaired because its blocks or head will fail due to lack of cooling. The stove should also be checked for faults. Losing heating in winter is not a good prospect. Most often, the failure of the heating system is caused by improper operation of the thermostat valve; the problem can only be solved by replacing it.
We insulate the car
Thermal insulation of a car is divided into 2 types: insulation of the engine compartment and insulation of the car interior.
Thermal insulation of the engine compartment. The engine is experiencing serious problems with temperature fluctuations. Cold can lead to efficiency losses of up to 10%, which is a serious figure and increases the rate of fuel consumption and vehicle wear rate.
To keep the engine compartment warm, a special heat shield is installed on the radiator, the hood cover is reinforced, and special panels are installed below and on the side. The automotive market has a large selection of the necessary insulation.
Salon. The structure of the insulation is not very different, using materials for thermal insulation, we insulate the interior along the bottom, inside the doors, on the separation of the passenger compartment and trunk, and also under the roof of the car. In this way, we minimize hot air leakage and the interior retains its temperature better. As a result, the car's oven receives less stress, and the driver feels more comfortable.
Rust and other types of metal decay will not appeal to either the car or its owner.
Due to the different reagents sprinkled on municipal roads for better grip,
the vehicle may corrode.
Dirt with the reagent gets into the edges and stitches, because of which the car body begins to decompose.
This not only diminishes the aesthetics, but also causes a lot of problems in the sale of a car, if not getting rid of corrosion early.
To protect against corrosion, the car must be treated with an anti-corrosion agent. It is necessary to process the body and its lower parts, mirrors, headlights, as well as glass.
Checking and cleaning the wiper system
Roads are often not cleaned on time, resulting in visibility problems. If you have run out of non-freezing, then it becomes problematic to clean the glasses constantly covered with snow.
Also check the wiper blades, they may be damaged and may not function effectively. Change them in advance, believe me, it will be extremely inconvenient in the cold.
Preparation of seals and locks
Rubber seals have the unpleasant property of freezing in the cold. As a result, you cannot open the door, pull it and damage the frozen seals. To avoid this, before the onset of winter, you need to treat them with a special agent.
It is important to prepare the locks. Due to the accumulated moisture, the lock can become icy so that you do not open it with the key until you warm it up. But if you cover the lock with a water-repellent spray, moisture will not enter the well and freeze there. Thus, you will save time and nerves, just a couple of times "pshiknuv" on the lock.
Following these recommendations will reduce winter wear and tear of the car and save time spent in the future on warming up or repairs.
It remains to remember which tools the driver is recommended to carry with him:
• Small folding paddle.
• Wires for lighting.
• Rope for towing.
• Aerosol from moisture.